Technical Objectives

The main objective of SWINGS project is to develop optimized schemes based on for low cost wastewater management in order to make full use of water resources (irrigation, cleaning, public and/or private demands, aquaculture farm feed) and to maximise energy savings (high methane production and low excess sludge) mainly at community level in developing countries such as in India.

SWINGS project aims at generating optimized municipal wastewater treatment concepts by combining “green” and sustainable technologies for enhancing water recycling and reuse, decreasing energy demand and utilising beneficial by-products from the process as a secondary resource. The final outcome of the project will be to provide treated WW as nutrient and soil enrichment resource, as irrigation water, as aquaculture farm feed and even produce safe drinking water.

 Different low cost treatment alternatives will be operated and validated through combined configurations. Amongst them: Anaerobic Digestion (AD) and Constructed Wetlands (CW) will be the main technologies. These two methods operate on zero energy input and therefore regarded as sustainable approach for wastewater treatment. During the degradation of organic materials through AD process, biogas is produced. Combined AD and CW systems will be complemented with low cost disinfection units based on filtration, lagooning and solar methods to provide a feasible solution for Indian WW sanitation and reuse. Besides, a decision supporting system (DSS) for selection of sustainable WW treatment technologies and an optimised sustainable pathogen monitoring technique will be also carried out.

CW1

 

This project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement Nº 308502